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How to Thin Latex Paint (for Paint Sprayers)

Updated
If you’re going to use latex paint in a sprayer, best learn how to thin it properly first.

Starting a painting project with latex paint, but the consistency is too thick for a proper application? Then it’s time to learn how to thin latex paint for a sprayer. The process is really simple, and all you need is one ingredient that you already have at home.

How to Thin Latex Paint for a Sprayer

  1. Pour the latex paint into a bucket.
  2. For every gallon of paint, add in half a cup of water. Do so in small amounts until you get the desired result.
  3. Mix well.
  4. Use a funnel and pour the paint inside. If it flows nicely, it’s perfect. It shouldn’t be too runny or too thick.


How to Test Thickness of Latex Paint

Before learning how to thin paint for a sprayer, you have to first determine if the paint needs thinning in the first place.

  1. Grab a screwdriver with a flat blade if your paint comes in a metal can.
  2. Wedge the tip of the screwdriver beneath the lid of the container.
  3. To break the vacuum seal, depress the handle of the screwdriver.
  4. Take the lid off the paint container as soon as you notice the seal has broken.
  5. Use a paint stick to stir the latex paint for between five and 10 minutes.
  6. Move the stir stick in an upward and downward spiral pattern as you stir the paint.
  7. Take note of the paint as it emerges from the paint stick.
  8. Carefully pull the stick out of the paint, then hold it above the paint can as you do so.
  9. If the paint that comes off the stick has the consistency of thick cream and is smooth, then it does not need to be thinned.

Top Tip

A thinning chart can help you quickly figure out what ratio you need for the product at hand.

How Much Water Do You Need to Thin Latex Paint?

The amount of water that must be added depends on the paint you’re using. Latex paint of a higher grade is thicker and, as a result, requires more water. Whereas latex paint of lesser quality is thinner and, as a result, requires less water.

Most latex paints on the market typically need 1/2 cup of water for each gallon. Add just a little water, start stirring, and add water gradually until the paint reaches the right consistency.

Put aside a half cup of water for each paint gallon that you intend to use in your project. The typical ratio is half a cup of water for each gallon of paint.

Take Note

Use room temperature water and be careful not to add all of the water at once, as it may damage the paint.

How to Thin Latex Paint for a Sprayer

Worker hands stirring white paint

The process is identical whether you’re thinning latex paint for a sprayer or for brushing. You can thin latex paint with water in a few simple steps.

What You’ll Need

  • Bucket.
  • Quality latex paint.
  • Clean stirring stick.
  • Water.
  • Funnel.
  • Ladle.
  • Strainer.
  • Quality paint sprayer.

1. Determining Water Amount

Adding water to latex paint makes it more sprayable. As mentioned earlier, you’ll need about half a cup of water (about four oz.) for each gallon of paint you need to thin.

Pro Tip

For larger paint jobs, moving the paint from the can into a larger bucket is best. This will provide more space to add water and thin the paint without overflowing.

2. Add Water

When you’ve moved the paint into a larger bucket, it’s time to add water. Make sure to add the water in small increments, slowly pouring it into the bucket. Pour water into the bucket and begin stirring with a stick.

Begin stirring the paint with a stick, making spiraling upward and downward motions. At regular intervals, take the paint stick out of the bucket and watch how the paint drips off and into the container below.

If the paint is clumpy and doesn’t have a creamy consistency that drips into the bucket, you need to add more water. Pull the stick out of the container each time you add more water to check the consistency.

3. Test with a Funnel

You can use a ladle to move the paint through the funnel. If it moves readily through your funnel, then it will also move freely through the nozzle of your sprayer. If it does not pass through the funnel easily, add a little more water until it reaches the desired consistency.

4. Add to Sprayer

Pass the paint through a strainer before pouring it into the sprayer reservoir. This will clear the nozzle of any debris that could potentially clog it.

Remove the cap from the reservoir and get the sprayer ready. Test spray a piece of cardboard or wood while keeping the nozzle at a distance of eight inches from it. It ought to be easy to apply the paint.

Important

If your project is painting furniture, you’ll need to use a latex primer. Consider semi-gloss or satin finish for painting furniture.

Thinning Latex Paint with Floetrol

Floetrol is an additive for acrylic and latex paints that is supposed to make the paints behave more like oil-based paint. This is accomplished by increasing the viscosity of the paint.

It makes it easier to get rid of brush marks, boosts coverage, and minimizes the amount of paint that must be thinned before use. Additionally, the paint is lubricated by this substance, which helps to reduce the amount of wear and tear on a spray gun.

Floetrol is simple to use. Just follow the instructions on the paint box and add the recommended amount (typically one pint per gallon) to your paint.

Floetrol may be used with any brand of acrylic or latex paint. So, whether it is used indoors or outdoors, you can continue to use the paints you prefer.

Tips For Spray Painting with Latex

Now that you know how to thin latex paint, it’s time to look at some tips that will lead you toward better painting results:

  • Use quality latex paint from brands like Valspar, Behr, Sherwin-Williams, or Ben Moore.
  • Buy or rent a good sprayer, like this option from Wagner.
  • Use a paint sprayer of an appropriate size (a larger one for painting interior and exterior walls, a smaller one for smaller furniture pieces, etc.).
  • Test the paint and the sprayer on a small surface before starting the project (a piece of cardboard will do).
  • When adjusting the sprayer pressure, start with the lowest setting recommended by the paint manufacturer.
  • Consider using an airless sprayer. They are good with thicker paints and can provide even paint coats.
  • Always wear a face mask, eye goggles, and gloves when painting.
  • Thin the paint outside for better ventilation. If you have to do it inside, open all doors and windows first.

FAQs

What Happens If You Add Paint Thinner to Latex Paint?

When added to latex paint, paint thinner will likely cause the pigments to separate. That’s why you should never use paint thinner with latex paint. You can, however, use paint thinner to remove old and dry latex paint stains.

Can You Use Mineral Spirits to Thin Latex Paint?

Never use chemicals derived from petroleum to dilute water-based latex paint. Any product that is sold under the label mineral spirits is most likely petroleum-based.

Can You Use Alcohol to Thin Latex Paint?

Isopropyl alcohol is an excellent substitute for water if you want to thin latex paint. People who have experimented with using it as a thinner recommend using 91 percent isopropyl, but a lower count may work just as well.


Bottom Line

Once you learn how to thin latex paint for a sprayer, you’re one step closer to completing an almost effortless painting project. While water-based paint doesn’t need thinning, latex paints have a thick consistency that’s often not compatible with a sprayer right out of the can.

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About the Author

Candace Osmond

Candace Osmond is a USA TODAY Bestselling Author and Award-Winning Interior Designer. Using her years of hands-on experience, she now writes about design and DIY. She currently resides on the rocky East Coast of Canada with her family and slobbery bulldog.