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How Often to Change a Water Filter (6 Types)

Updated
See exactly how often to change your water filter to keep it clean.

If you have noticed unpleasant tastes or odors finding their way back into your water, it might be time to change your water filter. A dirty filter will be unable to clean your water effectively and could even make it more contaminated than it was before.

It isn’t always clear how often you should replace your water filter, with so many different filters now available from numerous brands. How frequently you should change it will also be influenced by your local water quality.

To make sure you change your filter on time, this article will explain how often to change your water filter based on its type. We will also describe some telltale signs that you might need to replace your filter more frequently.


How Often to Change a Water Filter

Knowing when to change your water filter is crucial if you want to keep receiving clean drinking water. In this section, we will take a quick look at the main types of filters and how often they should be replaced. These are only guidelines and your filter might need replacing more frequently, depending on your water supply.

1. Refrigerator Filter

Refrigerator water filters are a convenient way to get clean, cold water straight from your fridge. However, failing to replace the filter regularly can result in unabsorbed contaminants and bacteria penetrating the filter. If this occurs, it will often lead to leaks, which could cause highly contaminated water.

How Often Should It Be Replaced?

Experts and manufacturers recommend replacing a refrigerator filter at least every six months. Like all types, how often to change a fridge water filter can vary based on usage and how contaminated your local water is.

2. Whole House Filter — Well and Municipal

As the name suggests, a whole house filtration system is a filter that cleans all the water that enters your home. This means you will receive purified water from every outlet, even appliances such as dishwashers and washing machines.

Whole house systems are an excellent option for homeowners with weakened immune systems as they effectively remove contaminants and bacteria from all the water in the home (1).

They are also common in households where tap water is otherwise too impure to use safely. Replacing a whole house water filter can be complicated and often requires the help of a professional.

How Often Should It Be Replaced?

It is recommended to change the sediment pre-filter every six months. However, some might require replacement every three months. This depends on whether your water source is municipal or from a well.

Homes with well water will require filter replacement more often as the water has a higher risk of contamination (2). How often to change a well water filter will vary greatly based on where you live.

3. Under Sink Filter

Under sink water filters are installed, unsurprisingly, under your sink. They are connected directly to your cold water line, so it is easy to see when to change them and to perform the maintenance.

This water is essential for your day-to-day life, so it is crucial to replace the filter regularly.

How Often Should It Be Replaced?

How often to change the water filter under your sink depends on your usage and water quality. In areas with more pollutants, the filter will collect more. As a general rule, it’s a good idea to replace it every nine to 12 months.

4. Countertop Water Filter

Countertop water filters are increasingly popular in the United States. These devices are compact, easy to install, and effective. They are also available with various types of filtration systems such as activated carbon blocks, alkaline, and even coconut-based shells.

They are directly connected to your faucet via a small hose and an adapter. The water is then filtered on-demand, and you can easily switch between filtered and unfiltered.

How Often Should It Be Replaced?

Countertop water filters are slightly different from other types. Some models do not feature a replaceable filter but instead, purify a fixed volume of water. For example, a unit might filter 10,000 gallons of water before it becomes ineffective.

Most countertop water filters require changing between three and 12 months. This is a broad range but it varies significantly depending on filter quality, manufacturer, and water quality. Some filters will have a transparent casing so you can see the status of the filter without removing it.

5. Faucet Water Filter

Faucet water filters are installed directly onto the spout. They filter water as it leaves the tap. These are widely used around the world to remove fluoride, lead, and other harmful substances.

They are easy to install and don’t require any complicated plumbing. The main drawback of faucet water filters is that they can significantly reduce the flow rate.

How Often Should It Be Replaced?

A large household will need to replace the filter more often; perhaps every three to five months. Smaller households should be able to replace the filter every six months.

6. Pitcher Water Filter

Pitcher water filters are practical and very user-friendly. They don’t require any installation, and you can enjoy purified water wherever you need it. These resemble regular water pitchers, except they consist of two parts: a filling reservoir and a holding tank.

You pour water into the top part, and it slowly runs through the filter. The most common filter used is activated carbon.

How Often Should It Be Replaced?

Experts and manufacturers recommend that a pitcher water filter cartridge is replaced at least every six months. If you use it multiple times per day, it will need to be replaced more often.

Tell-Tale Signs a Change Is Needed

How often to change a water softener filter can vary a lot based on your individual circumstances. Here are a few signs you should look for, regardless of which filter type you’re using:

  • Unpleasant taste
  • Bad odor
  • Discolored water or filter
  • Decreased water flow rate

We strongly recommend that you replace your filter before any of these symptoms become too apparent. If you notice a decrease in water quality, you are leaving it too long to change your filter.

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FAQs

How Long Do Refrigerator Filters Last?

As a general rule, refrigerator water filters should last about six months before they need to be replaced. Like any filter type, this can vary significantly depending on the quality of your local water supply. In areas with particularly contaminated water, you might need to replace it more frequently. Even if your water is relatively clean, it is best not to use it too far beyond six months.

How Often Should I Change My Whole House Water Filter?

In most cases, you should replace your whole house water filter’s sediment pre-filter every six months. As with other filter types, this will vary significantly depending on your local water supply, particularly as a whole house filter must filter a large volume of water daily. In areas with very contaminated water, you might even need to replace your filter every three months. You should monitor your water closely to determine when to replace the filter.

Can an Old Water Filter Make You Sick?

A water filter that is used beyond its lifespan will lose its effectiveness. At first, this shouldn’t be a major problem other than trace amounts of material passing through the filter. However, if you continue to leave the filter where it is, it can eventually make the water dirtier than if it was completely unfiltered. If you are going to filter your home’s water, it is important to replace the filter regularly to avoid harmful bacteria.

Why Do Water Filters Turn Brown?

Water filters can turn brown due to sediment deposits. When the minerals absorbed by the filter begin to oxidize, the filter will begin to take on a discolored appearance.

How Often Should Drinking Water Filters be Changed?

Two factors contribute to how often you should change drinking water filters: how much water you consume and how clean the water is in your area. Every four to six months, you need to change filters used in commercial setups.

When living in a domestic situation, you should update your filters every six to 12 months. The membranes used in reverse osmosis and extra alkalizers only need to be replaced once every two or four years.

What Happens If You Don’t Change Your Water Filter?

Suppose you do not change your water filter when it is time to do so. In that case, your water filter will cease working at its optimal capacity, and it may eventually stop performing its function entirely.

The water traveling through the system will not filter at this point, which means that you get all of the chlorine, sediment-laden, and water that has a poor taste or smell that you were hoping to cleanse in the first place.

In addition, utilizing carbon filters after they have reached their maximum capacity for use implies that sediment can build up above the limits suggested for their use. This can result in a filter that has a rotten and unappealing appearance over some time.

In addition to sediment, a carbon water filter utilized past its expiration date may accumulate a buildup of various elements and pollutants in addition to silt. This accumulation of toxins frequently appears as a “goop.”

It can even cause contamination to seep into your source of drinking water. It should be no surprise that this “goop” has a detrimental impact on the water’s appearance, odor, and flavor.

Your old filter will eventually become increasingly clogged with gunk, and the water will have a more difficult time moving through the system as time passes.

This can be infuriating since it means having to wait longer for the same amount of water, which means that routine tasks around the house take more time than they normally would.

Which Filter is Best for Drinking Water?

Reverse osmosis filters are best for drinking water because they remove a huge percentage of impurities from the water, which may include potentially harmful germs. The pressure the filters apply causes the water to be forced through the membrane that performs reverse osmosis.

How Can I Make My Water Filter Last Longer?

If you want to make your water filter last longer, there are a few tricks to help you. Change your water filters regularly, let the water settle before you pump it, use a piece of cheesecloth to prefilter, and avoid placing the filters in direct sunlight.

Can an Old Water Filter Make You Sick?

Drinking water that has been filtered is only safe to do so if the filter itself is in good functioning order. You put yourself in danger of drinking tainted water if you use an outdated filter.

Studies have shown that old filters create an environment suitable for establishing biofilm, indicating a high probability that the water will be tainted with bacteria.


In Conclusion

Failing to replace your water filter can be an open invitation for more contaminants to enter your home’s drinking water.

How often you will need to replace your filter is determined by the filter type, the quality of your water supply, and how frequently you use it. The average lifespan of a filter is about six months but it is important to look out for the symptoms of a filter going bad, such as unpleasant odors and tastes, or discoloration.

Regularly replacing your water filter will keep it working as effectively as possible. This will ensure you have access to clean, safe, fresh-tasting water whenever you need it.

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About the Author

Peter Gray

Peter has been a homeowner for 35+ years and has always done his own repair and improvement tasks. As a retired plumber, Peter now spends his time teaching others how they can fix leaks, replace faucets, and make home improvements on a budget.